Vol. 1 No. 2 (2023)

Does Bullying Behavior Impact the Victim's Mental Health?

Wanty Khaira
Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh
Cover Vol 1, No 2

Published 30-11-2023


  • bullying behavior,
  • mental health,
  • bullying victims


This article addresses the phenomenon of Bullying Behavior, delineating it as a circumstance wherein an individual possessing significant strength deliberately and persistently exerts pressure, confines, harasses, and inflicts harm upon a weaker counterpart. Bullying manifests as the calculated utilization of power to inflict verbal, physical, or psychological harm upon an individual or a collective, inducing feelings of depression, trauma, and helplessness in the victim. The perpetrators of such conduct are commonly referred to as bullies, transcending gender and age distinctions, with a prevalence among teenagers, particularly within educational institutions. Bullying behavior among adolescents encompasses both non-physical or verbal forms and physical or non-verbal manifestations. The latter involves acts of violence, such as stepping on, slapping, and object throwing, whereas the former involves verbal actions like isolation, insults, name-calling, cursing, public humiliation, accusations, jeering, slander, and shouting. Bullies exhibit distinctive traits, often characterized by advanced age, greater physical stature, enhanced verbal acumen, elevated social status, and diverse racial backgrounds. The perpetration of bullying is not an arbitrary occurrence but rather influenced by a confluence of factors, encompassing familial, scholastic, and individual intrinsic characteristics. Given its pervasive impact on the mental health of victims, the prevention of bullying is imperative. Children subjected to bullying are susceptible to a spectrum of problems, including heightened anxiety, persistent fear, depression, sleep disturbances, and potential ramifications into adulthood. Furthermore, physical health issues such as headaches, stomachaches, and muscle tension may ensue, along with a sense of insecurity within the school environment, contributing to diminished enthusiasm for learning and academic achievement. Proactive measures to curb bullying are thus paramount to mitigate these deleterious consequences.